By Ladislav Votruba (Eds.)
Water source structures learn offers a foundation for rational water administration in huge basins. The layout and operation of water source platforms are either the main advanced and an important initiatives of water administration. This publication offers with the fundamental matters enthusiastic about the appliance of structures sciences to water administration. A survey of the structures sciences (the common structures conception, cybernetics, platforms engineering, operations learn and platforms research) is gifted, in addition to the tools for water source structures research and for water source structures research and for his or her overview. The mathematical tools utilized in platforms thought were given designated therapy. Linear and dynamic programming were used as types of optimum programming. for the reason that many functional projects require the simulation versions of water source platforms, except their rules and a close description, the simulation language for computing programming has been integrated. different tools of operations learn and their software to water source structures were analysed and evaluated.
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G. to supply the discharge Q (m3 . s - ' ) with reliability p,. A multi-purpose WRS has various elements and a number of goals. The main aim in identifying it is to determine what combination of goals is optimal and what criteria are needed for the evaluation of this optimum. As the goals are often competitive, optimization is difficult. g. a municipal water supply) has higher priority than the others. Then this multi-pur- 40 pose WRS can be treated as a single-purpose system and the “additional” goals are used as constraints.
The oldest WRS structures are the systems of ponds in Bohemia and Moravia') and the water-supply system for mines in Slovakia') (14th - 17th centuries). e. ) and ground water required the systems approach very early in history for a comprehensive use of water resources and their conservation. ) and there were some older irrigation systems in ancient cultures. ') Czechoslovakia (CSSR) consists of three geographical units: Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia. Bohemia and Moravia form one part of the federation (CSR) and Slovakia the second part (SSR).
An outstanding place belongs to Pythagoras and his School, which constructed an interpretation of natural science, analysis, the wholeness of the natural world and its relationships in mathematical terms. ') The use of feedback control in irrigation systems (Institute of Management, 1974) has a 4000-year-old tradition. By irrigation of the land with water from the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers the old Babylonians achieved such a high degree of efficiency in agricultural production that it provided for the highest population density at that time.