By Thayer Scudder
This booklet highlights the long term resettlement technique of the Egyptian Nubian humans alongside the Aswan excessive Dam. Assessing the resettlement of 48,000 Egyptian Nubians in reference to the excessive Dam is mainly vital for 3 major purposes: first of all, this resettlement technique is without doubt one of the infrequent circumstances during which learn began earlier than the dam used to be outfitted has persisted for over 40 years. Secondly, the resettlement of the Egyptian Nubian humans is without doubt one of the few situations during which the dwelling criteria of the big majority more suitable a result of preliminary political will of the govt., mixed with Nubian tasks. Thirdly, given the complexity of the resettlement method, weaknesses in executive making plans, implementation, and within the weakening of presidency political supply precious classes for destiny dam-induced resettlement efforts.
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Additional resources for Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians
Looking back on their earlier experiences with resettlement, all but one of the ﬁrst generation respondents in Habbob’s survey stated that the ﬁrst years of resettlement were the worst. The one exception was a university-educated engineer. Of the eight who gave more speciﬁc answers, six emphasized the ﬁrst 10 years and two the ﬁrst 15 as the most difﬁcult. Difﬁculties listed included leaving Old Nubia, confusion concerning the future, and, most frequently mentioned, difﬁculties adjusting to a new area and new neighbors.
In the boats Nubians sat in deep silence staring at the disappearing village which they had left forever (Fahim 1968: 70). Following arrival, “A feeling of insecurity and mistrust prevailed … doors were closed and people approached the strange neighbors cautiously … Many Nubians lived in great fear of the non-Nubian groups living near their new villages. They were also suspicious of the Nubians next to them” (Fahim 1968: 78). “So fearful were Nubians of others that youth patrols were mounted during the ﬁrst few months to keep outsiders away from Nubian communities” (Fahim no date: 112).
In planning the layout of villages, the government tried to follow Nubian desires that villages be aligned to each other as they had been in Old Nubia. The main exception was where three small villages were aggregated within others. The ﬁnal 37 villages (nahia) retained their names, with Adindan, for example, becoming New Adindan. In most villages, a mosque and a guesthouse were provided. Also provided were 19 elementary schools, one boarding secondary school, three technical boarding schools, and a vocational training school for teachers.