By Craig N. Cipolla
Covering the eighteenth century to the current, the ebook explores the emergence of the Brothertown Indians, a "new" group of local peoples shaped in direct reaction to colonialism and guided via the imaginative and prescient of Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian and ordained Presbyterian minister. Breaking clear of their domestic settlements of coastal New England in the course of the overdue eighteenth century, participants of varied tribes migrated to Oneida nation in principal manhattan nation in hopes of escaping East Coast land politics and the corrupting affects of colonial tradition. within the 19th century, the hot group relocated once more, this time to present-day Wisconsin, the place the Brothertown Indian country is still founded today.
Cipolla combines historic archaeology, headstone stories, and discourse research to inform the tale of the Brothertown Indians. The ebook develops a practical method of the examine of colonialism whereas including an archaeological standpoint on Brothertown historical past, filling a very important hole within the local archaeological literature.
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Extra resources for Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World
Moreover, ethnogenesis is just one form of identity negotiation, sharing similarities with acculturation, creolization (Ferguson 1992), and hybridity (Gosden 2001; Liebmann 2008a, 2008b). Although most social scientists approach ethnogenesis primarily using documentary evidence, Barbara Voss’ innovative work at El Presidio de San Francisco (Voss 2008a, 2008c) illustrates the merits of historical archaeological perspectives. The Presidio was an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Spanish military outpost that housed a diverse group of mixed Mexican-, Indian-, African-, and European-descended peoples recruited from various parts of present-day Mexico.
For example, the direction that a weathervane points indexically marks the direction of the wind in that particular area. The contextual nature of the indexical sign mode is important for practice approaches, which, again, view practices (potential signs) as reflexively tethered to the particular contexts in which they arise. , stones marking burial locations). These modes of signification shifted as the Brothertown Indians incorporated new forms of grave marker (chapters 5 and 6) that made differences in the ways individuals and families within the community remembered their respective pasts and related to one another and outsiders.
Johnson’s writings clearly demonstrate his adroit manipulations of social registers and cultural conventions, which he used to navigate between European and Native American worlds. Negotiations like this took place within an environment filled with a diversity of ideas, practices, and materials operating on dual (or even multiple) registers, such as those of Christianity. Rather than characterizing these practices and materials (“signs” for Peirce) based only on their origins—as either Native American or European, in the vein of many acculturation approaches—this book examines the complexities of these potentially discursive acts in constructing a communal identity, namely, that of the Brothertown Indians.