By Clive Phillips
Livestock are certainly one of our significant domesticated animals, a better mammal with complicated psychological and actual wishes. the good thing about a data of livestock behaviour capability veterinarians and stockpeople can understand irregular behaviour symptoms for illness prognosis and indication of an insufficient atmosphere. This booklet replaces the booklet farm animals Behaviour, written through a similar writer and released by way of Farming Press in 1993. The textual content has been revised and up-to-date and 4 new chapters on farm animals welfare were extra. the most curiosity of many interpreting a ebook on behaviour is its relation to the welfare of the species, so the mix of welfare and behavior is a logical one.
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Additional resources for Cattle Behaviour and Welfare 2nd Edition
A popular alternative is the Burdizzo castrator, which crushes the spermatic cord without damaging the scrotal skin and is less painful than surgical removal. Dehorning calves prevents them causing injury to other cattle when they are older, particularly if they are in a confined environment, but many breeds are naturally polled. Dehorning is usually achieved by using a hot iron scoop to remove the horn bud. This area, as well as the surrounding tissue, is well innervated (Taschke & Folsch, 1997).
1981) and other movement control by electricity. , 1998) and at the silage pit avoidance of an electrified bar can restrict intake of self-feed silage. g. most diseases adversely affect welfare and the effect is increased with the length and/or severity of the disease. However, the impact of social circumstances is much harder to define. In the presence of a dominant cow, subordinate cows take evasive action, and in a confined space such as a cubicle house many escape attempts take place each day (Potter & Broom, 1990).
Dystokia Dystokia, or calving difficulty, is a disorder that threatens the viability of both mother and offspring. , 1997). Dystokia is directly linked to genotype, and is most prevalent in beef cattle, since farmers attempt to get large calves from their cows to increase the price that they can sell them for. They therefore often use a large bull on a small cow, which provides the most economic option due to the low maintenance cost of a small cow. The dominant factors in dystokia are the calf size and the area of the pelvic entrance.