By David Brizer MD, Ricardo Castaneda MD
Medical habit Psychiatry is an anthology of essays that signify the most up-tp-date and authoritative info now to be had on dependancy conception, perform and study, overlaying dozens of provocative, attention-grabbing and crucial subdomains of the sector. every one bankruptcy is authored through a famous authority within the box and specified cognizance is paid to surroundings, genetics, tradition and spirituality in addition to therapy and pharmacology. historical past, highway tradition, and clinical technological know-how are introduced jointly in masterful discussions that surround the total spectrum of addictive problems, emphasizing evaluation and scientific administration. This certain source gathers complicated scientific and clinical info in a fashion that's available to either future health care execs and readers with out clinical or psychology backgrounds. crucial analyzing for habit counselors and different psychological healthiness execs, this publication may also be of curiosity to sufferers and their households, and citizens and physicians in all fields of drugs.
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Additional info for Clinical Addiction Psychiatry
Examples of abused inhalants include glue, drycleaning fluids (carbon tetrachloride), gasoline, aerosol propellants from whipped cream cans or deodorant sprays, amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite, nitrous oxide, and ether. Acute complications The most severe consequence from abuse of these substances is hypoxia or anoxia, and even a single use can cause death. Many of the solvents are similar to general anesthetics and sensitize the myocardium to catecholamines; fatal arrhythmias have been reported due to solvent abuse (Shepherd, 1989).
1999). High levels result in suppression of the autonomic respiratory drive and may result in coma or death from anoxic brain injury. Physical signs of acute alcohol or sedative intoxication include nystagmus and decreased reflexes. A benzodiazepine antagonist, flumazenil (Romazicon), is available for treatment of benzodiazepine intoxication. It should be used with caution because it can cause several withdrawal reactions, including seizures in patients with physical dependence (Seger, 2004).
For some, the “disease” of addiction resides purely in the biological aspects of the disorder. g. Milam & Ketcham, 1981) the physiological aspects of the disorder define it – there is little need to search further to explain the phenomenon. These theorists have been described as “unidimensional” (White, 1998) in their reliance on biological factors, even if there are differences about the precise mechanisms involved. Recent advances on brain imaging and related technological breakthroughs have also tended to emphasize the center circle of the proposed model.