By Henry C. Clark
Compass of Society rethinks the French path to a notion of 'commercial society' within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. Henry C. Clark unearths that the improvement of industry liberalism, faraway from being a slim and summary ideological episode, was once a part of a broad-gauged try and handle a couple of perceived difficulties conventional to Europe and specific to France in this interval. in any case, he deals a neo-Tocquevillian account of an issue which Tocqueville himself notoriously underemphasized, specifically the emergence of parts of a latest economic system in eighteenth century France and where this improvement had in explaining the failure of the outdated Regime and the onset of the Revolution. Compass of Society will reduction in knowing the conflicted French engagement with liberalism even as much as the twenty-first century.
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Extra resources for Compass of Society: Commerce and Absolutism in Old-Regime France
12 See Sara C. Maza, The Myth of the French Bourgeoisie: An Essay on the Social Imaginary, 1750—1850 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003). Many scholars have now noted the relative inconspicuousness of traders at the Estates General in 1789; for one example, see Ted Margadant, Urban Rivalries in the French Revolution (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992). But see Jan Goldstein, The Post-Revolutionary Self: Politics and Psyche in France, 1750-1850 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005) for the reurn of the bourgeoisie.
In fact, the author always writes of acquiring wealth, never of creating it. The activity itself that might be associated with wealth acquisition is ignored, and in this regard the authors in Montchrestien’s generation would be of greater interest. II. STATE AND STATUS IN THE AGE OF RICHELIEU One problem with Hotman’s proto-individualism was that commerce itself was seen at this time as inescapably precarious. While few feared the fate of Michael Cantacuzenus, hanged in front of his own palace in Istanbul on the Sultan’s orders in 1578,22 commerce nonetheless, far from being an integral condition of the shared life of the realm, was viewed as something extraneous that might or might not be occurring at any given time.
See David D. Bien, “Old Regime Origins of Democratic Liberty,” in Dale K. , The French Idea of Freedom: The Old Regime and the Declaration of Rights of 1789 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994), as well as Gail Bossenga, “Status, Corps, and Monarchy: Roots of Modern Citizenship in the Old Regime,” in Robert M. Schwartz and Robert A. , Tocqueville and Beyond: Essays on the Old Regime in Honor of David D. Bien (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2003), 127-54 for orientation. See also the review by Keith M.