By Aniruddha Bhalchandra Pandit; Jyoti Kishen Kumar
"This e-book successfully combines the chemical, actual, organic and engineering rules of water disinfection in a single textual content. Discussing either traditional and novel ideas used for disinfection and the economics concerned, the publication offers a entire evaluation of assorted actual, chemical, and hybrid concepts used for disinfection to create potable water, together with mode of motion, scale of operation, efficacy, benefits, and downsides. The authors spotlight their novel paintings on cavitation for water disinfection, a cheap, power effective, and easy substitute to the normal equipment of disinfection"-- learn more... content material: 1. creation -- 2. Chemical disinfection -- three. actual disinfection -- four. Hybrid thoughts -- five. Cavitation-based disinfection strategies -- 6. Novel disinfection equipment -- 7. precis -- eight. difficulties. summary: "This publication successfully combines the chemical, actual, organic and engineering rules of water disinfection in a single textual content. Discussing either traditional and novel strategies used for disinfection and the economics concerned, the ebook provides a complete overview of varied actual, chemical, and hybrid concepts used for disinfection to create potable water, together with mode of motion, scale of operation, efficacy, benefits, and disadvantages. The authors spotlight their novel paintings on cavitation for water disinfection, a cheap, strength effective, and straightforward substitute to the traditional equipment of disinfection"
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Additional resources for Drinking water disinfection techniques
Iodine disinfection of a model bacteriophage, MS2, demonstrating apparent rebound. 33(1):169–179. R. (1991). Viable but nonculturable bacteria in drinking water. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57(3):875–878. Drinking water standards and health advisories. (2011). pdf (accessed April 20, 2012). R. (1974). Fundamentals of microbiology, 9th ed. B. Saunders Company. I. (1976). Handbook of water resources and pollution control. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, p. 147. IAWPRC Study Group on Health-Related Water Microbiology.
This method determines the number of cells that will multiply under certain defined conditions. A measured amount of the bacterial suspension is introduced into a petri dish, after which the agar medium (maintained in the liquid form at 45°C) is added and the two thoroughly mixed by rotating the plate. The plate count agar is usually the recommended medium for the standard bacterial 14 Drinking Water Disinfection Techniques plate count. However, other media such as Reasoner’s 2A (R2A) media have been developed for the heterotropic plate count analysis of potable water samples (Reasoner and Geldreich, 1985).
Chlorine dioxide is also a strong disinfectant and is selective in its attack on organic materials. While chlorine dioxide does produce a residual, it is only rarely used for this purpose. Ingols and Ridenour in 1948 reported that adsorption of chlorine dioxide on the cell wall with subsequent penetration into the cell where it reacts with enzymes containing sulphhydryl groups was responsible for cell death. , 1967) could also be responsible for the disinfection. Thus, it is very clear that chlorination can be brought about by various means, each having its own advantages and disadvantages.