By Ingemar Fagerlind
During this moment version the authors have thoroughly up-to-date and extended the unique quantity to provide a well timed and significant therapy of the connection among schooling and nationwide improvement. increased discussions of literacy courses, at the function of the kingdom in academic and improvement making plans, and new fabric at the overview of academic reforms and improvement ideas supplement the inclusion all through of the newest information and experiences on hand. a brand new bankruptcy on ladies, schooling and improvement directs awareness to a size of improvement which till lately has been principally missed. The authors argue that the significance of schooling for nationwide improvement techniques is as nice as ever because the global enters the ultimate decade of this century. in spite of the fact that, lowering financial assets for schooling in so much nations have necessitated extra trained but restricted offerings approximately coverage and method which just a greater knowing of the advance tactics grants
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Additional info for Education and National Development. A Comparative Perspective
However, man was not seen to be completely passive in the complexity of forces which affected his long-term destiny, for even Augustine recognized that part of the struggle for this destiny took place within man himself, between virtue and vice, between love and hate, and in the strife of man against man. Yet even at this level of explanation, the struggle nevertheless was seen to take place because it was "willed by God" (Nisbet, 1969:85—90). As we noted in the previous chapter, it was only after the Middle Ages that men began to believe that the destiny of mankind and the progress and development of civilization rested not in the hands of the gods but in the hands of men.
Yet, during the following centuries literary activities continued to flourish in some European locales, for example, in monasteries and cathedral schools established for the training of the clergy. In addition, the perceived importance of literacy continued to exist in the Arab world which, during the so-called Dark Ages, was responsible for preserving Greek Philosophy and eventually reintroducing it into Western thought. As early as the 13th century we have documentation of the gradual increase in the literacy of laymen in particular in North-western Europe.
Cohen's theory becomes more compelling when he deals with the question of the introduction of formal schooling from civilizational to non-civilizational states, and of more recent concern, the emergence of mass schooling and its political implications. With respect to the first, Cohen argues that schools in civilizational states developed indigenously ( "autochthon ously") whereas in non-civilizational states they have always been introduced from without, generally as an instrument for the conquering of or expanding into the new society.