By J. F. Lancaster
There's a lot to be won from the learn of catastrophes. Likewise the files of injuries in and shipping are of significant significance, not just via indicating developments within the occurrence of loss or casualties, but additionally as a degree of human behaviour. The 3rd version of this good acquired booklet locations emphasis at the human issue, with the 1st chapters delivering a style of analysing the files of coincidence and all-cause mortality charges to teach their courting with degrees of monetary improvement and progress premiums, and to make feedback as to the best way such approaches might be linked.
Case histories are given in the course of the publication. those are designed to teach how human frailty, or the unforeseen weak spot of fabrics, or a mixture of either, may end up in dire and tragic circumstances.
- Understand why failures ensue and the way they can were avoided
- Emphasis is put on the human think about catastrophes
- Case experiences illustrate the criteria which may result in dire and tragic circumstances
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Extra resources for Engineering Catastrophes. Causes and Effects of Major Accidents
22 Capital cost of major accidents in hydrocarbon process plant, worldwide, 1967–96. 23 Number of hydrocarbon process plants subject to large capital loss worldwide, 1967–96. The fall must, indeed, have been due to a change in human behaviour. In order to expand and update this information, annual data have been extracted for refineries only from the 2003 edition of the Marsh & McLennan survey. 11 The value of crude oil is taken as US$100 per metric ton. This provides a measure of the significance of the financial losses.
The MW Kellogg Company, Houston-based chemical engineers, took a special interest in this problem and set up a safety campaign on their own worldwide construction sites. Every conceivable step was taken but most especially the support of the workforce and the trades unions was obtained. Within a period of two years the fatality rate fell to a level close to that for factories. Further reductions however proved to be difficult. Professor Robertson, a psychologist at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, carried out similar work on engineering construction sites in north-west England, and likewise succeeded in reducing accidents.
1 represent averages. A reckless young man is one whose behaviour is more risky than average. The higher accident mortality of young men is normal and has its origins in the genetic makeup of the male. In Chapter 1 it was observed that during the two world wars of the twentieth century, accident rates tended to rise, sometimes sharply, but when hostilities ceased they reverted, not to the pre-war figure, but to the level at which they would have been had there been no war. 2 Fatal accident rate per million population, excluding road deaths for the year 2000: ratio between male and female rates as a function of age.