Read e-book online Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology PDF

By Philippe C. Becker, N. Anders Olsson, Jay R. Simpson

The print model of this name incorporates a floppy disk containing simulation software program pointed out within the textual content. This software program was once no longer published with the digital model of the name, and isn't incorporated here.

Erbium Fiber Amplifiers is a accomplished advent to the more and more very important subject of optical amplification. Written by way of 3 Bell Labs pioneers, the ebook stresses the significance of the interrelation of fabrics homes, optical houses, and structures elements of optical fiber amplifiers.

Key Features
* Explains the speculation of noise in optically amplified platforms in an intuitive way
* The ebook includes a dialogue of parts utilized in amplifier fabrication and of the attendant applied sciences utilized in genuine systems
* The booklet offers simple instruments for amplifier layout in addition to structures engineering, together with the newest advancements in WDM and soliton systems
* The ebook discusses the basics of infrequent earth ions for the reader needing extra intensity within the topic
* The ebook is for both the beginner of skilled reader
* The bankruptcy have hyperlinks among them to permit the reader to appreciate the connection among the amplifier features, noise, and platforms applications
* The publication comprises huge references

Part of the tutorial Press sequence on Optics and Photonics.

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Additional info for Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology

Example text

Wong, P. C. Becker, A. J. Bruce, and R. Adar, Elect. Lett. 28, 1181(1992). [100] R. Tumminelli, F. Hakimi, and J. Haavisto, Opt. Lett 16, 1098 (1991). [101] J. R. Bonar and J. S. Aitchison, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 293 (1996). 1 INTRODUCTION Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers are typically constructed by connecting fibers (erbiumdoped as well as transmission fiber) with other components necessary for the amplifier's operation. , pump lasers). Such bulk components usually have fiber pigtails to make it easier to integrate them in a fiber-based system by fusion splicing the fibers together.

Fabrication and use of halide glass fiber is substantially more difficult than silica with issues of purification, fiber drawing, and fiber reliability. Silica is inherently more stable as a glass than halides, as it is less likely to crystallize, and it has a broad temperature range where its viscosity is suitable for drawing into fiber. For example ZBLAN, a suitable ZrF4 based glass, may be drawn into fiber over a temperature range of only 30 degrees. , which are liquids at room temperature. Control of the partial pressure of oxygen during high temperature processing also diminishes the incorporation of the key optical absorbing species of transition metals (Cu2+, Ni2+, Fe2+) and OH.

16] J. R. Simpson, and J. B. , 1982), p. JO. [17] P. Kleinert, D. Schmidt, J. Kirchhof, and A. Funke, Kristall und Technik 15, K85, (1980). [18] E. Shimazaki and N. Kichizo, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 314, 21 (1962). [19] F. H. Spedding and A. H. Daane, The Rare Earths (Wiley, New York, 1961), p. 98. [20] J. E. Sicre, J. T. Dubois, K. J. Eisentraut, and R. E. Sievers, J, Am. Chem. Soc. 91,3476(1969). [21] B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, C. P. Craig, and B. Wakefield, "Fabrication and optimisation of the erbium distribution in silica based doped fibres," Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communications, Proceedings Part 1, pp.

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