Download PDF by Dennis A. Attwood: Ergonomic Solutions for the Process Industries

By Dennis A. Attwood

Work-related accidents, comparable to again accidents and carpal tunnel syndrome, are the main favourite, costliest, and such a lot preventable office accidents, accounting for greater than 647,000 misplaced days of labor every year (according to OSHA estimates). Such accidents, and so on, will be avoided on your facility via constructing an ergonomic layout. This ebook exhibits you ways to use uncomplicated Ergonomic instruments and approaches on your plant. demanding around the world rules are forcing a few businesses to spend millions of greenbacks in step with affected worker in an effort to comply. This ebook exhibits you ways to conform with those rules at a fragment of the price, within the such a lot well timed, effective procedure attainable. *Learn the best way to use the Human Factors/Ergonomics instruments in approach industries *Identify and prioritize Ergonomic concerns, boost interventions, and degree their results *Apply Ergonomics to the layout of recent amenities

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Extra resources for Ergonomic Solutions for the Process Industries

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At the end of this chapter is a case study related to examining human force capabilities when interacting with valves at different positions. In addition, a set of review questions are included to help check your understanding of the material covered in this chapter. 2 SENSORY AND COGNITIVE CAPABILITIES Among the human sensory mechanisms are the five senses (vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste). These senses deal with stimuli external to the body and are referred to as the exteroceptors. In addition, we have senses that deal with the position of our body in space and assist us in jumping, climbing stairs and ladders, reaching, and the like.

There may or may not be follow-up action. , valves) and buttons, lifting bales of rubber, climbing ladders and stairs, and so forth. This, in turn, changes the status of the system. The operator receives new information from the displays about the status of the system and, again, may or may not take action to bring the system to the desired level or maintain its status. Furthermore, the information the operator receives does not come only from displays of machines. qxd 11/1/03 4:17 PM Page 30 30 Personal Factors and continuous corrections are made to end up with a straight cut.

The storage capacity in the STM is limited to seven plus or minus two (five to nine) independent chunks or single pieces of information (Miller, 1956). These chunks could be five to nine digits, words, steps in a procedure, or the like. For example, if you were given two 10-digit telephone numbers to memorize (which exceeds the five to nine rule), you may make mistakes when attempting to remember both of them. However, if you group or chunk the information using your knowledge and association already learned, you can do a much better job remembering.

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