By David S. Luft
Even supposing we frequently ponder the highbrow legacy of twentieth-century Vienna as synonymous with Sigmund Freud and his psychoanalytic theories, different sought after writers from Vienna have been additionally substantially reconceiving sexuality and gender. during this probing new learn, David Luft recovers the paintings of 3 such writers: Otto Weininger, Robert Musil, and Heimito von Doderer. His account emphasizes the exact highbrow international of liberal Vienna, in particular the effect of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche during this hugely medical highbrow international. in accordance with Luft, Otto Weininger seen humans as bisexual and utilized this subject matter to problems with creativity and morality. Robert Musil constructed an inventive ethics that was once heavily on the topic of his open, versatile view of sexuality and gender. And Heimito von Doderer portrayed his personal sexual obsessions as a fashion of knowing the facility of overall ideologies, together with his personal appeal to nationwide Socialism. For Luft, the importance of those 3 writers lies of their understandings of eros and inwardness and within the roles that either play in moral event and the formation of significant kin to the world-a strategy that maintains to interact artists, writers, and thinkers today.Eros and Inwardness in Vienna will profoundly reshape our knowing of Vienna's highbrow heritage. it can be crucial for somebody attracted to Austrian or German background, literature, or philosophy.
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Additional resources for Eros and Inwardness in Vienna: Weininger, Musil, Doderer
The realities of sexual pleasure (let alone some norm of average experience) are one area in which the limits of historical knowledge become conspicuous. 89 The men who wrote about sexuality and gender in Vienna were all strongly influenced by the tensions within the liberal tradition on these issues. The great nineteenth-century liberal, John Stuart Mill (1806–1873), wrote one of the classic statements on women’s emancipation, but liberalism also belonged to the conventions of bürgerlich life in the nineteenth century.
Unlike the University of Berlin two generations earlier, Vienna did not take shape as a modern university in the context of Bildung and Wilhelm von Humboldt, as well as Ranke and Hegel, but unambiguously in the context of the natural sciences and the ideological confidence of materialism. The Prussian universities were reformed and modernized when idealism was at its height; the Austrian universities underwent a comparable transition after 1848. It is not surprising that German universities continued to emphasize philosophical idealism, history, and human studies even after they took the lead in modern scientific research, while Austrian universities concentrated on scientific research and scientific materialism.
In the midst of the decline of political Liberalism, the social basis of Liberalism was more apparent, and the high Bürgertum became more isolated from other parts of society. By the 1930s Austrian Socialism and National Socialism seemed to many intellectuals to offer more democratic alternatives than either Liberalism or political Catholicism. Nonetheless, the culture of liberal Vienna provided a fruitful context for intellectual life and for thinking out the conditions of life in modern civilization, not only for the generation of intellectuals who rebelled against the liberal fathers and created Viennese modernism but also for younger writers such as Weininger, Musil, and Doderer.