By Philippe Sands
This assortment relies on a lecture sequence prepared together via Matrix Chambers and the Wiener Library in London among April and June 2002. top specialists current papers interpreting the evolution of overseas legal justice from its origins at Nuremberg via to the proliferation of overseas courts and tribunals dependent on the Hague at the present time. The lectures will offer a number of views at the topic for someone drawn to foreign felony law--from experts to non-specialists.
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Additional info for From Nuremberg to The Hague: The Future of International Criminal Justice
The Tribunal ordered medical examinations, and, even though he could not respond to simple commands such as ‘turn your head from left to right’, the Tribunal refused to drop him from the indictment. The British Prosecutor strongly objected to any change or delay, citing ‘the interests of justice’. On the other hand, the US Prosecutor had been prepared to substitute Krupp von Bohlen’s son, Alfried, on the Indictment. This is an odd idea at ﬁrst sight, but the documents reveal the extent to which justice was to be served by prosecuting the Krupp ﬁrm, rather than the individual, even in a situation where the Tribunal only had jurisdiction over individuals.
69 at p. 170. Ibid. 40 ‘vague and complicated thing’ did not succeed, it is worth recalling the layers of complexity we have discussed. First, we have to admit that the crimes prosecuted in Nuremberg were not actually formulated as crimes with the speciﬁcity we would expect in a criminal trial. 11 Secondly, this complicated thing called international law worked, not only to create obligations for states, but also to create duties for individuals from public and private life, as well as obligations for their organisations.
B. V. A. Röling and A. 55. It is enough to have been the mayor of a village and to have encouraged rapes simply by one’s presence; it is enough to be the director of a tea plantation and to allow trucks to be used to hunt down and exterminate civilians. In the last situation,a Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in January 2000 found Mr Musema criminally responsible for such acts. Having been arrested in 1995 in Switzerland and transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Tanzania,the Chamber found him guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity.