By Tanya M Kerssen
Grabbing energy explores the background of agribusiness and land conflicts in Northern Honduras targeting the Aguán Valley, the place peasant routine conflict huge palm oil manufacturers for the precise to land. within the wake of an army coup that overthrew Honduran president Manuel Zelaya in June 2009, rural groups within the Aguán were brutally repressed, with over 60 humans killed in precisely over years. usa army aid--spent within the identify of the warfare on Drugs--fuels the Honduran government's skill to repress its humans. A
strong and encouraging stream for land, nutrition and democracy has grown over the past years, and it exhibits no signal of backing down.
Read Online or Download Grabbing Power : The New Struggles for Land, Food and Democracy in Northern Honduras PDF
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Extra resources for Grabbing Power : The New Struggles for Land, Food and Democracy in Northern Honduras
The program received high praises from large landowners and from then-US Ambassador John Negroponte, who praised the program for making “owners of hundreds of peasant families, persons who can now look for resources to obtain credit and technical support, very important aspects for the advancement of the agricultural sector in Honduras” (Jansen and Roquas 1998, 86). Jansen and Roquas’ (1998) study, however, shows that land titling heightened local land conflicts and did little to improve access to credit or tenure security for the poor.
Immediately after the storm, the government of Carlos Flores Facussé (1998-2002) declared martial law, dissolved civil liberties and created a special commission to carry out a top-down emergency response plan (Stonich 2008, 55). The authoritarian response, notes Jeffrey (1998), emerged from a fear that the poor would become so desperate as to revolt against the country’s extreme class divisions. It also helped to consolidate the neoliberal model and deepen elite power. In the throes of crisis, the Honduran congress fasttracked its privatization agenda, rapidly selling off airports, seaports and highways and introducing laws to privatize public utilities such as the state-owned telephone and electric companies (Klein 2005).
Under Lobo’s government, which came to power in January 2010 through post-coup elections, the Aguán has been pummeled by repeated waves of state-sponsored violence including constant surveillance, death threats, capture orders, kidnappings, sexual violence, torture and assassinations. After the private guards of Miguel Facussé murdered five peasant members of MCA in November 2010—an event known as the Tumbador massacre—the military occupied the valley, including the offices of the National Agrarian Institute (INA), for two months (FIDH 2011, 14).