Книга Grammars of Case Grammars of CaseКниги English литература Автор: W.Faulkner Год издания: 2006 Формат: pdf Издат.:Oxford collage Press Страниц: 480 Размер: 5.16 ISBN: 019929877 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This publication addresses primary matters in linguistic conception, together with the relation among formal and cognitive ways, the autonomy of syntax, and the content material of common grammar. Professor Anderson specializes in the grammar of case relatives and, after a serious heritage of contemporary grammars of case, explores unresolved matters within the box, together with the measure to which syntactic different types are grounded in which means and the thought of linguistic creativity. He sheds new gentle at the interactions among which means and grammar. His argument will curiosity linguists, philosophers, and cognitive scientists.
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Fred came from Birmingham out of the Midlands/North *Fred came from Birmingham and out of the Midlands/North People came from Birmingham *(and) from Leicester Fred came through the valley (via Stirling)(and across the plain) Comparison of (24a, b) with (d) shows that only the Path can be duplicated, with or without coordination; the Source cannot be duplicated if a single journey is involved, whether or not the second Source is coordinated with the Wrst (24b) or not (24a). (24a, b) are either tautologous (Birmingham, England, is in the Midlands) or contradictory (Birmingham is not in the North).
The observations made in such studies as Kuryłowicz’s also undermine attempts to describe cases in terms of simple paradigmatic oppositions, as proposed by Jakobson (1936), for instance. The uses of a case or diVerent cases The Classical Tradition and its Critics 21 diVer syntagmatically as well as paradigmatically: in terms of ‘centrality’, or, in later terms, complement versus adjunct, for instance. However, it is misleading to associate these failures to arrive at ‘meanings’ of the ‘cases’, as Fillmore does, with an exclusive concern with ‘surface structure’.
Jussi tuli kotoa Jussi came home:PART (‘Jussi came from home’) Denison comments: ‘The general theme of the historical syntax of the partitive in Finnish is the emergence of such [less concrete] functions out of the primary ablative function’ (1957: 322). The elative is apparently following the same course, insofar as it alternates with the partitive in its apparently ‘non-local’ function. We return to the functions of the Finnish partitive in Chapter 7, in particular. The relevant observation at this point is that comparison of (6a) and (8a) conWrms that even the Finnish ‘grammatical’ cases of (5a) are not purely so: accusative marks only a semantic subset of objects.