By F. Selcen Kilinc
Fireplace resistant textiles are one of many quickest transforming into sectors in commercial textiles. guide of fireplace resistant textiles presents a complete evaluate of the substantial advances that experience happened within the box of fireside resistant textiles in recent times. the 1st a part of the publication presents an outline of fireside resistant textiles, whereas the second one half addresses a number of the sorts of hearth resistant fibres and materials, together with flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. the ultimate staff of chapters assessment points of trying out and rules, and info case reports of six significant functions of fireplace resistant textiles.
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Additional resources for Handbook of fire resistant textiles
Aromatic chain polymers generally have H/C ratios < 1 and so their ability to generate volatile and flammable degradation species at temperatures below the 500°C region is very limited. Consequently they have LOI values generally above 30 vol% and are generally deemed to be sufficiently flame resistant for the applications for which they are selected. 3 illustrates a selection of the more common high temperature, aromatic-structured polymers used for producing heat and flame resistant, high performance fibres and their related thermal transitions and LOI values Horrocks et al.
Weil E D and Levchik S V (2009), ‘Current practice and recent commercial developments in flame retardancy of polyamides’, in Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles, Weil E D and Levchik S V, editors, Munich: Hanser, 85–104. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 2 Burning mechanisms of fibers R. BROUGHTON and I. 26 Abstract: Burning of solid materials is often described as a cycle, where a solid is decomposed into flammable vapor which is oxidized by oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere, producing heat to promote further decomposition.
Onset temperature of this decomposition. Pure polymeric materials degrade via one or more of the following simple processes: • end chain scission, individual monomer units successively cleave from chain end, for example, polymethylmethacrylate > 90–100% monomer; • random chain scission, scissions occur at random locations along the polymer chain, for example, polyamide 6 (nylon 6) and polystyrene > monomer, dimer and trimer; • chain stripping, atoms or groups not part of the polymer backbone are cleaved off, for example, cellulose yields H2O and polyvinyl chloride yields HCl plus aromatic hydrocarbon and char; • cross-linking, bonds created between polymer chains, for example, polyacrylonitrile generates char and hydrogen cyanide, HCN.