By Ian Mortimer
The proficient, convinced, and clever son of John of Gaunt, Henry IV begun his reign as a well-liked and charismatic king after he dethroned the tyrannical and wildly unpopular Richard II. yet six years into his reign, Henry had survived 8 assassination and overthrow makes an attempt. Having damaged God's legislation of primogeniture by means of overthrowing the guy many folks observed because the selected king, Henry IV left himself susceptible to demanding situations from robust enemies concerning the validity of his reign. having said that, Henry controlled to set up the recent Lancastrian dynasty and a brand new rule of law—in hugely turbulent times.
In this ebook, famous historian Ian Mortimer, writer of The Time Traveler's advisor to Elizabethan London, explores the political and social forces that remodeled Henry IV from his nation's savior to its scourge.
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Extra resources for Henry IV: The Righteous King
Connection with the telephone, so as to make that instrument an auxiliary in the transmission of permanent and invaluable records, instead of being the recipient of momentary and fleeting communication. Most of Edison’s predicted applications for the phonograph had to do with recorded speech; the eventual hands-down winner, number 4, the reproduction of music, was tucked away as an afterthought. Edison would always have a sharp eye for new inventions, but he had a tin ear when it came to predicting how people would use his devices.
Once Edison knew what he wanted to do with his life, the inventions began to pour out of him like water. qxp 7/15/06 36 8:46 PM Page 36 AC/DC in 1872 and another 25 the following year, many of them having to do with improvements in the telegraph. The inventions kept coming; at the height of his powers, Edison was granted 106 patents in a single year. Before his inventing days were through, Edison would be granted a staggering 1,093 patents in the United States alone. Edison’s first-ever registered invention, patent number 90,646, was granted on June 1, 1869.
If even one ten-thousandth of an atmosphere of air remained in the bulb, the oxygen weakened the filament. After trying a variety of hand pumps and being unsatisfied with the results, Edison turned to a recently invented device from England, the Sprengle pump, which used mercury to trap air bubbles in the bulb and expel them. Edison obtained one of the first Sprengle pumps in America and immediately put it to work. He and his assistants furiously pumped glass bulbs for hours and found that the Sprengle pump produced a vacuum that came within one or two millimeters of complete air exhaustion.