Download e-book for iPad: Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Andrew Clapham

By Andrew Clapham

From the debatable incarceration of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, to the brutal ethnic detoxing being practiced in Darfur, to the frequent denial of equivalent rights to ladies in lots of parts of the realm, human rights violations are a relentless presence within the information and in our lives. Taking a global point of view, and concentrating on hugely topical matters akin to torture, arbitrary detention, privateness, overall healthiness, and discrimination, this Very brief creation can assist readers to appreciate for themselves the controversies and complexities at the back of this vitally proper factor. taking a look at the philosophical justification for rights, the ancient origins of human rights and the way they're shaped in legislation, Andrew Clapham explains what our human rights really are, what they could be, and the place the human rights stream is heading.

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Extra info for Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

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Alexander Solzhenitsyn had just been exiled from his country and his striking figure, adorned with beard and handcuffs, hypnotized Western intellectuals sick with a longing for the great destiny which had been denied them. It was only thanks to him that they started to believe, after a fifty-year delay, that in communist Russia there were concentration camps; even progressive people were now ready to admit that imprisoning someone for his opinions was not just. And they found an excellent justification for their new attitude: 16 Russian communists violated human rights, in spite of the fact that these rights had been gloriously proclaimed by the French Revolution itself!

Translated into over 300 languages, it has often been at the heart of demands made by peoples and individuals around the world that their rights be respected and protected. Several constitutions have taken its provisions as the basis for a bill of rights, and national and international courts have invoked the Declaration in their judgments. The member states of the UN have come to acknowledge that the Declaration, although not in the form of a binding legal instrument, does contain actual human rights obligations.

Yet, despite its important contribution to the protection of minority rights, the human rights protection offered under the League system was obviously limited to certain groups and certain countries. The League of Nations was also active in the protection of workers' rights. The goal of'fair and humane conditions of labour for men, women and children' was stated explicitly in the League Covenant. This goal became central to the work of the International Labour Organization (ILO), which continues today as one of the UN's specialized agencies.

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