By Gillian Wylie, Penelope McRedmond
This booklet specializes in human trafficking in Europe for labour and sexual exploitation. It contains empirical paintings on trafficking all through Europe, making a choice on underlying motives in globalization, migration guidelines and gender inequality. It questions no matter if eu responses- from coverage makers or civil society are sufficient.
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Additional info for Human Trafficking in Europe: Character, Causes and Consequences
The deﬁnition is not free from controversy and criticism (van den Anker and Doomernik, 2006; Munro, 2008), but we can see that consent and the exploitative nature of the act of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons are of fundamental importance in making a distinction between trafﬁcking and smuggling of migrants. ’ Therefore, the trafﬁcking of a child for exploitative purposes amounts to a crime, irrespective of the means used (UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2003).
That is why slavery was generally used in activities that were effort-intensive, such as cotton and sugar production. His model may explain why slave-like labour may be employed in activities such as mining, public construction work, stone quarries, brick kilns, charcoal production and agri-business harvesting even today, but it fails to provide any explanation as to why we ﬁnd it in textile production, such as carpet making, which is supposedly a care-intensive activity. The model is not without its difﬁculties.
34 Theoretical Perspectives on Understanding Slavery Neoclassical theories The basic postulates of neoclassical theory have their origin in the work of Adam Smith, who believed that the work of slaves was more expensive and less efﬁcient than that of free men. Smith believed that slavery hindered economic progress and it was used in circumstances of undeveloped machinery. He was particularly concerned with the principal-agent problem in slavery, that is, the lack of incentives for slaves to work hard.