Download PDF by Martin Needler: Identity, Interest, and Ideology: An Introduction to

By Martin Needler

In politics, person political habit is frequently ascribed to category and ethnic id. How does this take place? during this textual content, Needler indicates how the person constructs his or her political identification, and develops ideologies that consultant their political habit. meant as a substitute to conventional introductory texts in politics and political technological know-how, this e-book is, whilst, a survey and creation to political idea, a survey and advent to comparative and American politics, and a evaluate of latest diplomacy. those themes are mixed in a singular and artistic approach for you to offer a readable and informative textual content for undergraduate scholars or laypersons. The author's clean technique could be welcomed via academics in politics and political technological know-how.

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Example text

Following these personality dynamics, some individuals may instinctively rebel against authority, or follow authority slavishly; they may find comfortable what is old and established, or favor what is new; they may be animated by a passion for justice and a resentment of inequality, or cynically accept injustice and inequality as inevitable and unchangeable. 1 That is, one of the key functions of ideology is that it provides a handy guide to opinion and action in general, without the necessity of becoming intimately familiar with the details of every issue on which a position must be taken.

Of course, in practice, actual systems of elite rule, even where the elite claim to be the most virtuous or the most able, generally find themselves with rulers who have merely inherited their position, or else who have come to it by force or treachery of some kind. In fact, actually ruling elites would be hard put to persuade anybody they represented the "best" elements in their societies. For purposes of argument it is instructive to consider a hypothetical case. Even if it were somehow possible to choose the most able members of society and install them in power, the republic of Platonic idealists would not result.

Well, they all involve government by some kind of elite, a limited set of people with some claim to being "better" than the nonelite. Many critics of democracy, including the great Athenian philosopher Plato, have argued that instead of being governed by the masses, it is self-evidently better to be ruled by only "the best" elements of society: the enlightened, the educated, or the virtuous. Of course, in practice, actual systems of elite rule, even where the elite claim to be the most virtuous or the most able, generally find themselves with rulers who have merely inherited their position, or else who have come to it by force or treachery of some kind.

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