Download e-book for iPad: Improving Transparency, Integrity, and Accountability in by María González de Asis, Donal O'Leary, Per Ljung, John

By María González de Asis, Donal O'Leary, Per Ljung, John Butterworth

Greater than 1 billion humans around the globe stay with no entry to secure, potable water, partially due to terrible governance and corruption. unlawful connections and monstrous losses as a result of deferred upkeep have eroded the sales of water utilities, resulting in a downward spiral in functionality. Embezzlement of cash, bribes for entry to unlawful water connections, manipulation of meter counters, and collusion in public contracts upload to the litany of corrupt practices. 'Improving Transparency, Integrity, and responsibility in Water provide and Sanitation' is an invaluable instrument for diagnosing, interpreting, and remedying systemic corruption within the water provide and sanitation sectors. it is going to function a pragmatic consultant for governments; application regulators, managers, and employees; civil society enterprises; contractors; and electorate of their quest for a version of provider provision that responds to the urgent wishes of individuals within the constructing international. The publication goals to extend the involvement of civil society by means of enticing all stakeholders in surroundings priorities and tracking functionality; aid water and sanitation supply give a contribution to poverty aid by means of expanding the carrier caliber and assurance supplied by way of carrier supply agencies to poorer groups on an equitable foundation; supply a device that promotes the monetary sustainability of provider supply firms, therefore development stakeholders' self belief in these associations' skill to extend and enhance carrier; and lift moral criteria between all stakeholders, in particular carrier supply organisations, thereby instilling a feeling of public provider in those enterprises.

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Additional info for Improving Transparency, Integrity, and Accountability in Water Supply and Sanitation: Action, Learning, Experiences

Sample text

30 Public-Public • Fraudulent meter reading • Overcharging Module 1: The Nature of Corruption in the Water Sector found in this case is of the same nature as that where a public water company and its staff interact with private contractors, suppliers, and consumers and civil society. 3 Public-to-Public Interactions Corruption involving interactions between public servants or public institutions can take many forms. At the higher levels of government, this type of corruption is generally opaque and complex.

The quality of service, however, is quite poor. Water is rationed in most Honduran cities under SANAA management and, according to the World Bank, water is supplied two times a week or even less in the summer. In 2000, according to the World Health Organization (WHO-UNICEF 2007), 98 percent of water systems in Honduras provided water on an intermittent basis for an average duration of 6 hours per day. Drinking water was being disinfected in only 51 percent of urban water systems, and only 3 percent of the collected wastewater was being treated, which led to pollution.

2 Klitgaard’s Corruption Formula “Much can be said about the kinds of governments and, more generally, the kinds of institutions, be they public, private, or nonprofit, that are susceptible to corruption. Corruption tends to be reduced by the separation of powers; checks and balances; transparency; a good system of justice; and clearly defined roles, responsibilities, rules, and limits. Corruption tends not to thrive where there is a democratic culture, competition, and good systems of control, and where people (employees, clients, overseers) have rights to information and rights of redress.

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