By American Water Works Association
This fresh guide offers thorough assurance of water membrane technology, innovations, and concept. Chapters speak about membrane functions, trying out of membrane platforms, layout innovations and operations, expenditures, residuals, plus a few of the manufactures. the ultimate bankruptcy covers destiny traits in low-pressure membranes via large tables and figures
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Extra info for Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Membranes in Drinking Water
Jour. AWWA, 87(3):38. , J. Yoon, G. Amy, and S. Liang. 2001. Dominant Potential Mechanisms for Perchlorate Rejection by Negatively Charged Nanofiltration and Ultrafiltration Membranes. In Proceedings of the AWWA Membrane Technology Conference. : American Water Works Association. Appendix 2A Table 2A-1 Turbidity results for MF and UF membrane systems Reference Water Reported Membrane Type Adham et al. 2001 Primary-treated municipal wastewater ZeeWeed 500 UF MBR Sterapore MF MBR Akesson et al. 2001 Lake Pend Oreille Best et al.
AWWA, 83(9):97–106. M. W. S. Adham. 1995b. UF With Pretreatment for Removing DBP Precursors. Jour. AWWA, 87(3):100–112. M. Clark. 1998. Using PAC–UF to Treat a Low-Quality Surface Water. Jour. AWWA, 90(11):83–95. , and T. Masterson. 1995. Membrane Filtration of Sewage Treatment Plant Effluent. In Proceedings of the AWWA Membrane Technology Conference. : American Water Works Association. C. W. M. A. Foust. 1995. Implementation of Microfiltration for Metropolitan’s Small Domestic Water Systems. In Proceedings of the AWWA Membrane Technology Conference.
NR = Not reported The organic contaminants can then coagulate or adsorb, hence associating themselves with particulates that can be rejected by the MF or UF membrane. Dissolved Organic Carbon/Disinfection By-Product Precursors Integrated MF and UF membranes can control DOC and disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors when coupled with coagulation adsorptive processes. A list of such studies is included in appendix 2C. Appendix 2C does not distinguish between DOC and total organic carbon (TOC). The percent difference between the two is typically small as inferred by the low percent removal (generally below 20 percent) for systems that did WATER QUALITY 15 not use a coagulant or adsorbent.