By Beth A. Simmons
Winner of the 2010 top e-book of the 12 months Award, overseas reviews organization! Beth Simmons argues that overseas human rights legislation has made a favorable contribution to the belief of human rights in a lot of the realm. even supposing governments occasionally ratify human rights treaties, playing that they are going to adventure little strain to conform with them, this isn't more often than not the case. concentrating on rights stakeholders instead of the United international locations or nation strain, Beth Simmons demonstrates via a mixture of statistical analyses and case experiences that the ratification of treaties ends up in higher rights practices on typical. by means of a number of measures, civil and political rights, women's rights, a correct to not be tortured in executive detention, and kid's rights increase, in particular within the very huge heterogeneous set of nations which are neither solid autocracies nor strong democracies. Simmons argues that overseas human rights legislations may still get simpler and rhetorical aid from the overseas group as a complement to broader efforts to deal with clash, improvement, and democratization.
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Additional info for Mobilizing for Human Rights: International Law in Domestic Politics
Most governments – with the possible exception of theocracies whose doctrines embrace the political and social subordination of women – are far less likely to have a crucial political stake in assuring or withholding rights for women and children than they are to have the uninhibited freedom to oppress political opposition. The more a treaty addresses issues clearly related to the ability of the government to achieve its central political goals, the weaker we should expect the treaty’s effect to be.
The primary theoretical and empirical contributions relate to the conditions under which international human rights treaties can influence the behavior of governmental and other actors in ways that accord with the contents of international agreements. Many studies take up the more primordial issue of what range of phenomena comprise human rights, how they can be justified philosophically, who has a claim to such a right, and who has a duty to recognize and protect such rights. 31 Finally, I want to dispel any impression of an inevitable teleology underlying my generally positive message of progress.
Chapter 8 shows that child labor has been reduced and that governments have changed their military recruitment policies in an effort to comply with the CRC and its Optional Protocol Relating to Children in Armed Conflict (OPCAC). These effects tend to be stronger for compulsory than for voluntary conscription, a practice on which the treaty in fact takes a stronger stand. There is also some evidence that CRC ratification has been associated with a higher priority placed on childhood immunization for measles, at least in the middle-income countries, which is an important indicator of basic health care for children.