Opening Up North America, 1497-1800 (Discovery & - download pdf or read online

By Caroline Cox

"Opening Up North the USA, 1497-1800, Revised variation" integrates in a chronological narrative the voyages taken from Florida to Newfoundland, protecting the 1st recorded touch of John Cabot in 1497 via Alexander Mackenzie's trip around the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific in 1793. via those tales, the geography of northeastern North the US is pieced jointly and the effect ecu exploration had on local American society is still felt this present day. assurance of this name comprises: the significance of cod fishing within the North Atlantic; Beaver hats and the position performed by means of the fur exchange in exploration of the continent's inside; Spanish, French, and English claims to territory within the southeast within the sixteenth century; and, exploration via Jacques Cartier, Samuel de Champlain, Henry Hudson, Etienne Brule, Rene-Robert Cavaller, Sieur de los angeles Salle, and others.

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Example text

But perhaps there was another route to Asia, a passage via the northwest, far from Spanish control. The English and French were perfectly positioned to attempt to find it, and by 1505 Basque and French fishermen were already sailing as far as the shores of North America in search of cod, which when salted and dried was an important food throughout Europe. None of these fishermen had established permanent settlements or even charted their course, but it was not inconceivable to do so. DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE The rivalry between European nations had a long history, beginning long before the era of exploration.

It is no wonder that the English gave up exploring North America. King Henry VIII at that time was preoccupied with internal politics, several wives, and structuring the now reformed English church. This explains why it was only private ventures such as Hore’s that sailed across, with the limited objective of catching fish. Only the French continued their efforts to follow up Verrazano’s voyages and, in doing so, would be the first to make a solid claim of the northern Atlantic coast as a French possession.

That is, within any given kingdom, there were administrative subdivisions, often virtually autonomous, ruled by dukes, counts, and various lesser nobles or even churchmen. These people not only had their own legislative powers but the power to tax their subjects and even wage war against each other. They owed allegiance to the Crown and could be expected to supply soldiers as vassals of the king if he demanded, but they were essentially small rulers with their own small budgets, and kings were just one among many small rulers.

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