Lesley Stirling's Switch-Reference and Discourse Representation PDF

By Lesley Stirling

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Thus in example (14) (Gordon 1983: 93), the first clause Formal complexity of switch-reference systems 25 expresses a relationship of temporal ordering and must precede its controlling clause, which is the final clause of the sentence; between these two is a clause of reason and both subordinate clauses are marked with respect to the final clause. 4 Violation of the Subject Condition The Subject Condition states that the switch-reference pivots are the surface syntactic subjects of the two clauses.

Np i V2, Np j NP j Sequential: V4DS V3SS V2DS Focal: V4SS V3DS V2DS Np i ViSS Np i Vo In sequential marking, a marker for switch or retention links each adjacent clause. In focal marking, each subordinate clause is checked against one focal main clause, rather than a neighbouring clause. ) gives convincing arguments that Kashaya exhibits focused marking. As he notes, the result is that in Kashaya it is more common than not that successive clauses marked with DS suffixes actually share the same pivot.

However Dench cites the use of such clauses with the force of a mild imperative and Dench and Franklin both note their use to imply a relatively unspecified subsequent action that would normally be described in the controlling clause. 2 Violation of the Locality Condition The Locality Condition hypothesises that the switch-reference relation holds between just two clauses which are linearly adjacent. Although there are no languages in which switch-reference is exclusively marked between non-adjacent clauses, there are two important types of case which violate this condition.

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