By Mansoureh Ebrahimi
Based on British and Iranian resources, this e-book investigates the history and ambitions of the coup in Iran, analyzing how British overseas and family brokers interfered with Iran’s inner affairs among the nationalization of Iran’s oil in 1951 till its failure in 1953 with the overthrow of leading Minister Mossadegh. How and why used to be Iran’s democratically elected executive ousted in 1953? so much stories discuss with a ‘CIA-led’ operation. This examine analyses how British brokers used the Shah, the traditional Persian Durbar, Majlis deputies, Islamic clergy, and Iranian army officials within the overthrow of the 1st democratically elected major Minister, and highlights how Britain used the ‘Communist risk’ as a pretext for shielding its oil pursuits and persuaded the americans to orchestrate the coup. This shut interplay among British colonial pursuits, American chilly conflict ambitions and Iranian politics eventually defeated the democratic aspirations of Iran’s people.
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Extra info for The British Role in Iranian Domestic Politics (1951-1953)
At the same time, they considered it impossible to settle the conflict with Iran as long as Dr. Mosaddeq was in power. Their agents actually noised it about that his successor would be a moderate. Dr. Mosaddeq’s failure to come to an agreement with Britain was sufﬁcient pretext to smoothen the path for his opponents. Thus, not only ﬁnancial beneﬁts but geopolitical hegemony in the Middle East were major factors responsible for what followed. Briefly, after fruitless negotiations, Dr. Mosaddeq’s government began an oil-less economic programme.
The British resolved to overthrow Dr. Mosaddeq although the Americans rejected the proposal. British conspirators believed that Kashani would betray and leave Dr. Mosaddeq, if he was made a better offer by any of Mosaddeq’s foes. Hence, after failed oil negotiations, they focused on Kashani and initiated plans for an alternative solution. 4 27 Legal Action During the eight months after Iran nationalised its oil industry, British negotiation efforts proved futile. They ﬁnally ﬁled a complaint with the ICJ hoping to compel the Iranian government with a legal ultimatum that would end Dr.
18 2 British Retaliation After the Nationalisation of Iran’s Oil The Iranian government then decided to take total control of the oil company, which had changed its name to the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). Ofﬁcials were hired for different sections of the company’s operations and shops as Dr. Mosaddeq announced that he could not neglect the law that expressed Iranian will and determination. Thus, the government decided to execute the law immediately and approve a Mixed Commission on oil for necessary decisions from the council of ministers (the cabinet).