New PDF release: The Counterrevolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in

By Manisha Sinha

During this entire research of politics and beliefs in antebellum South Carolina, Manisha Sinha deals a provocative new examine the roots of southern separatism and the factors of the Civil struggle. hard works that painting secession as a struggle for white liberty, she argues as a substitute that it was once a conservative, antidemocratic stream to guard and perpetuate racial slavery.Sinha discusses a number of the significant sectional crises of the antebellum era—including nullification, the clash over the growth of slavery into western territories, and secession—and deals an enormous reevaluation of the circulation to reopen the African slave exchange within the 1850s. within the approach she finds the significant position performed via South Carolina planter politicians in constructing proslavery ideology and using states' rights and constitutional conception for the safety of slavery. Sinha's paintings underscores the need of integrating the historical past of slavery with the normal narrative of southern politics. in basic terms by way of bearing in mind the political value of slavery, she insists, do we arrive at an entire realizing of southern politics and the enormity of the problems confronting either northerners and southerners at the eve of the Civil battle.

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Extra resources for The Counterrevolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in Antebellum South Carolina

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In the 1831 Fort Hill address, Calhoun would try to defend himself from the accusation that he did not believe in majority rule, claiming that no one could have higher respect for that ‘‘maxim’’ than he did. ’’ State veto of sectionally unequal laws was thus a ‘‘safe’’ and ‘‘constitutional’’ remedy. Otherwise the majority would have ‘‘all the power that could be desired to subject the labor and property of the minority’’ to their will. While Calhoun’s notion of absolute state sovereignty justified interposition by a single state, it was contradicted by his assertion that after a state veto, the supreme power to decide the question at issue would lie with the Constitution-amending authority, three-fourths of the states.

18 the political ideology of slavery Prominent planter politicians were able to influence public opinion at the local level as well as the official course of the state. The state senate, under the leadership of such future nullifiers as John Ramsay, Miller, and Seabrook, presented an antitariff report and resolutions that recommended that the state should approach the federal government as a ‘‘sovereign’’ to demand the repeal of tariff laws. Moreover, it dragged in the question of slavery, stating that there could ‘‘be no reasoning, between South Carolina and any other government’’ on this subject.

The federal census of 1820 revealed the slower population and economic growth of the slave South. The panic of 1819 had hit the South hard, especially the older seaboard states. South Carolina, after a prolonged cotton boom between 1790 and 1820, entered into a period of economic stagnation made severe by soil erosion, unparalleled out-migration of population, overproduction of cotton in the fresher lands of the Southwest, and a precipitous decline in the price of cotton. But rather than blaming these developments, nullifiers like Hayne claimed that the federal ‘‘system of restrictions ’’ imposed on the trade of southern staples was responsible for the economic downturn.

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