New PDF release: The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

By Erik O. Eriksen

The widening and deepening of the ecu Union have dropped at the fore the query of democracy on the ecu point. The method of domination already in position on the ecu point calls for and aspires to direct legitimation--from the voters themselves and never only oblique, derived from the Member state States. Such can in basic terms be accomplished via making the ecu right into a democratic polity. yet can democracy be disassociated from its putative geographical region beginning? A revised thought of democratic legitimacy in keeping with discourse concept is built. it truly is argued that post-national democracy calls for a structure yet now not unavoidably a nation. The Union quantities to below a kingdom yet greater than a global association and a process of transnational governance. within the political idea of the multilevel constellation that makes up the european, it really is conceived of as a nearby subset of an rising cosmopolitan order. the european is a state-less executive. because it isn't premised on staff id, it can accommodate a excessive degree of variance with reference to territory and serve as. The e-book analyzes the reforms undertaken to deliver the ecu 'closer to the citizens'. It records parts of democratization and relief of arbitrary energy. notwithstanding, democracy calls for that the electorate can approve or reject the legislation they're subjected to. because the institutional in addition to the civic stipulations less than which a public justification strategy will be deemed valid aren't in position, ecu post-national democracy continues to be an unaccomplished project.

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Extra info for The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

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In order to clarify the relevant dimensions of legitimacy employed in this book, we must distinguish between de facto legitimacy, when decisions as a matter of fact are accepted by decision-takers, de jure legitimacy, when acceptance stems from compliance with legally binding law, and just or normative legitimacy wherever such acceptance would be expected from a rational person or from a rational process of deliberation among affected parties. The modern democratic state testifies to the transition from material principles based on substantive common values to the procedures and presuppositions of unconstrained agreement as the legitimating force.

There are, however, several problems with this position, among them that the public debate becomes constrained. The principle of liberal legitimacy does not require consensus on a conception of justice—which in A Theory of Justice (Rawls 1971) is derived from the choices of actors under the ‘veil of ignorance’ in the original positions—but only on ‘constitutional essentials’. It is constitutional, principled deliberation as conducted by judges that is the prime model of public reasoning. It is modelled on a legal discourse for the interpretation, rather than for the generation of norms (Forst 1994; Habermas 1998a).

From this perspective a more far-reaching version of ‘a rights-based theory of justice’ appears and one in which ‘all subglobal political systems would themselves have to become rights-based’, that is based on individual liberties and democracy (McCarthy 2002: 260–61). The explanation for such a possibility is to be found in the way in which freedom, democracy, autonomy, and equality—in short, due process and equal respect for all—have obtained a deontological standing in modern democratic societies.

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