By Sigmund Freud
Le Moi et le Ca, paru en 1923, est los angeles clé de voûte de ce qu'on appelle los angeles "seconde topique" chez Freud. A l'empilement pyramidal de l'inconscient, du pré-conscient et du conscient (première "topique" de l. a. psychanalyse) succède une notion du système psychique plus fluide, interactive et dialectique, dans laquelle le Moi s'avère très lié à l'inconscient, lequel ne coïncide plus avec le refoulé. Freud complète cette réorganisation par los angeles mise en évidence d'une example qualifiée de "Surmoi", qui prend le relai de l'idéal du Moi mis en évidence dans les travaux antérieurs sur le narcissisme. Tout le champ du travail psychanalytique est remanié, les conflits à l'origine de los angeles névrose sont redéfinis, los angeles théorie de los angeles libido est redéployée pour mieux intégrer los angeles dualité (pas toujours contradictoire) des pulsions de vie et des pulsions de mort, qui avait été abordée pour l. a. première fois dans Au-delà du principe de plaisir.
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Le Moi et le Ca, paru en 1923, est l. a. clé de voûte de ce qu'on appelle l. a. "seconde topique" chez Freud. A l'empilement pyramidal de l'inconscient, du pré-conscient et du conscient (première "topique" de los angeles psychanalyse) succède une notion du système psychique plus fluide, interactive et dialectique, dans laquelle le Moi s'avère très lié à l'inconscient, lequel ne coïncide plus avec le refoulé.
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Additional resources for Le moi et le ça (inédit)
The field of representation is itself revealed as lacking because it attempts the impossible, that is to say, the representation of something ultimately unrepresentable. Representation is the representation of a real fullness which is always beyond our grasp. Simply put, lack is not marking only the Lacanian subject: the most radical dimension of Lacanian theory lies not in recognising [‘that the Lacanian subject is divided, crossed-out, identical to a lack in a signifying chain’] but in realising that the big Other, the symbolic order itself, is also barré, crossed-out, by a fundamental impossibility, structured around an impossible/traumatic kernel, around a central lack.
39 2 THE LACANIAN OBJECT Dialectics of social impossibility The objective is also lacking My starting point in this chapter is that although the Lacanian subject is of great importance for socio-political theory (some of its political implications were explored in the previous chapter), it is Lacan’s insights on the objective level which reveal the importance of his work for political theory. What must be stressed from the beginning, however, is that this is not some kind of zerosum game; obviously, one doesn’t have to concentrate either on Lacan’s comments on the subjective or on his treatment of the objective, these are not two incompatible approaches.
But instead of transgressing alienation in the direction of acquiring a solid identity, the subject of the signifier, the subject constituted on the basis of the acceptance of the laws of language, is uncovered as the subject of lack par excellence. Already this is indicative of the political relevance of the Lacanian category of the lacking subject. This lack can only be thought as a trace of the ineliminable act of power at the root of the formation of subjectivity, as the trace of an ex nihilo decision entailing the loss of certain possibilities or psychic states (the imaginary relation with the mother, for example) and the formation of new ones.