By Susan P. Mattern
How did the Romans construct and hold probably the most robust and good empires within the historical past of the realm? This illuminating publication attracts at the literature, specifically the historiography, composed through the individuals of the elite who performed Roman overseas affairs. From this facts, Susan P. Mattern reevaluates the roots, motivations, and pursuits of Roman imperial international coverage specially as that coverage relating to war. In a big reinterpretation of the assets, Rome and the Enemy indicates that suggestions of nationwide honor, fierce festival for prestige, and revenge drove Roman overseas coverage, and notwithstanding various from the hugely rationalizing innovations frequently attributed to the Romans, dictated styles of reaction that remained constant over centuries.
Mattern reconstructs the area view of the Roman decision-makers, the emperors, and the elite from which they drew their advisers. She discusses Roman conceptions of geography, method, economics, and the impact of conventional Roman values at the behavior of army campaigns. She indicates that those leaders have been extra strongly prompted via a standard, stereotyped belief of the enemy and a force to avenge insults to their nationwide honor than through thoughts of defensible borders. in reality, the will to implement a picture of Roman strength was once a big coverage objective in the back of lots of their such a lot brutal and competitive campaigns.
Rome and the Enemy presents a desirable inspect the Roman brain as well as a compelling reexamination of Roman conceptions of conflict and nationwide honor. The ensuing photo creates a brand new knowing of Rome's lengthy mastery of the Mediterranean global.
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Additional info for Rome and the enemy : imperial strategy in the principate
73 The first qualification, noble ancestry, is given equal weight with skill and achievement. When Pliny writes to the governor of Pannonia asking for an equestrian military post for a friend, he mentions in his recommendation first his friend’s lineage, second his friendship with Pliny, third his skill in rhetoric and literary accomplishment (Ep. 75 Roman foreign-relations decisions were made not by “experts,” but rather by a small elite group that was expected to engage in a wide range of official and semiofficial duties and an equal variety of literary pursuits.
Crook 1955, 4 –8; Gelzer 1968, 101–103. , Flamininus settles matters in Greece “either by himself or with his own friends” (Polyb. 3); Augustus took part in Tarius’ consilium about the fate of his son (Sen. Clem. 3 – 4). On war councils, see also Szidat 1970, 17. 20. On Augustus’ formal rotation system and Tiberius’ modifications, see Crook 1955, chap. , 104 –106. Crook cannot find a consistent official designation, in Latin or Greek, for what is now usually called the consilium principis. 21. On Nero, see Tac.
See Campbell 1975, 19 –20, for examples; cf. Eck 1974, 176 with n. 76. E. Birley (1954, 208) also notes examples of consular legates who had never commanded troops and points out that Antoninus Pius, for example, had never held a military post before becoming emperor. 18 I N T RO D U C T I O N posts; and after all, their duties included both spheres. A few might have very little experience of any kind. 62 The literary element persists here too. c. and one mythical example. Nor did the Romans develop the idea of geographical specialization —that is, of creating a high-level expertise in a specific area of the empire or the world.