By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Continuing Operability of Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities and Equipment
The U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics service provider (CMA) at present oversees contracts for the operation of chemical agent stockpile incineration amenities at 4 disposal websites. as the time period required to cast off those chemical brokers has grown past that initially deliberate, the military is getting involved concerning the chance of transforming into operational difficulties because the processing apparatus a long time. to aid handle those issues, the CMA asked the NRC to evaluate even if present regulations and practices should be capable of thoroughly expect and tackle facility obsolescence concerns. This document provides a overview of capability infrastructure and kit weaknesses on condition that the amenities are being operated well past their unique layout lifetime; an review of the Army's present and evolving obsolescence administration courses; and gives strategies approximately how the courses should be greater and reinforced to allow secure and expeditious final touch of agent stockpile destruction and facility closure.
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Extra info for Assessment of the Continuing Operability of Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities and Equipment
There are two ECRs within the MDB where energetics are removed by projectile/mortar disassembly (PMD) machines. After removal the energetics drop through feed chutes to the deactivation furnace system (DFS). Multipurpose demilitarization machines (MDMs) remove the burster well, drain the agent, and then reinsert the burster well. The agent flows into agent holding tanks and is burned in a liquid agent incinerator (LIC). Drained munitions, which in some cases may contain a solidified heel of agent, are processed in a three-zone metal parts furnace (MPF).
Automatic reordering has been instituted at some sites, where reaching the established minimum stock level automatically triggers a reorder that is then processed by hand. These mechanisms constitute essentially a system that reacts to detected changes rather than a proactive system that would anticipate the changes, although some vendors do notify sites when parts are discontinued. The reorder level is based on the assumption that a replacement part will be available within the anticipated lead time when ordered from the current supplier.
Changing equipment from that originally installed may involve changes in the human interface and the operating characteristics. Both of these could lead to an increase in errors; these changes may also be a source of improved capabilities and hence improved performance if properly incorporated into procedures and training. In this chapter the operational factors that affect and contribute to continuing operability at the chemical agent stockpile incineration facility sites are examined. These factors constitute the organizational framework by which the potential vulnerabilities described in Chapter 2 are managed.