Yoseph Bar-Cohen's Electroactive Polymer (EAP) Actuators as Artificial Muscles: PDF

By Yoseph Bar-Cohen

In notion and execution, this booklet covers the sector of EAP with cautious recognition to all its key points and whole infrastructure, together with the to be had fabrics, analytical types, processing strategies, and characterization tools. during this moment variation the reader is introduced present on promising advances in EAP that experience happened in electrical EAP, electroactive polymer gels, ionomeric polymer-metal composites, carbon nanotube actuators, and extra. Contents - Preface - EAP heritage, present prestige, and Infrastructure - traditional Muscle as a organic procedure - Metrics of typical Muscle functionality - electrical EAP - Electroactive Polymer Gels - Ionomeric Polymer-Metal Composites - Conductive Polymers - Carbon Nanotube Actuators: Synthesis, homes, and function - Molecular Scale Electroactive Polymers - Computational Chemistry - Modeling and research of Chemistry and Electromechanics - Electromechanical types for optimum layout and potent habit of Electroactive Polymers - Modeling IPMC for layout of Actuation Mechanisms - Processing and Fabrication ideas - tools of checking out and Characterization - software of Dielectric Elastomer EAP Actuators - Biologically encouraged Robots - functions of EAP to the leisure undefined - Haptic Interfaces utilizing Electroheological Fluids - form keep watch over of Precision Gossamer Apertures - EAP purposes, capability, and demanding situations - Index

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Read Online or Download Electroactive Polymer (EAP) Actuators as Artificial Muscles: Reality, Potential, and Challenges, Second Edition (SPIE Press Monograph Vol. PM136) PDF

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Extra resources for Electroactive Polymer (EAP) Actuators as Artificial Muscles: Reality, Potential, and Challenges, Second Edition (SPIE Press Monograph Vol. PM136)

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E1–7. 31. Tocce K, Sheeder J, Python J, Teal SB. Long acting reversible contraception in postpartum adolescents: Early initiation of etonogestrel implant is superior to IUDs in the outpatient setting. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012;25:59–63. Chapter 3 Progestin-Only Contraception Romina L. Barral and Melanie A. Gold BACKGROUND Progestin-only contraceptives (POCs) play an important role in contraceptive management. They present advantages over combined hormonal contraception (CHC) in women with contraindications to estrogens.

Some literature also suggests alteration of tubal motility [8]. DMPA may be initiated anytime, if the patient and provider can be reasonably certain that the patient is not pregnant (see Appendix C). If it has been >7 days since the first day of the patient’s last menstrual cycle, she should use a back-up method (or abstain from sexual intercourse) for 7 days [5]. However if the patient is pregnant at time of injection, no teratogenic or other adverse effects on the pregnancy have been shown [9, 10].

PASTERNACK of New Zealand teens using the levonorgestrel IUD, show high satisfaction [12, 13]. In a trial with a large number of adolescents, over 84 % of participants were somewhat or very satisfied with IUDs compared to 53 % using non-long-acting methods [11]. CONTINUATION Continuation rates for IUDs are generally high in adolescents and young adults. Two recent studies examined continuation rates in young women: In the Contraceptive Choice study, 12-month continuation for the 52 mg levonorgestrel IUD was similar to that of older adults at 88 %, but continuation for the copper IUD was 72 % for adolescents compared with 85 % for older women [11].

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